Control, Customize, or Get Info about Your Windows 10 PC
Free Tools that come with Windows
| Settings | Control Panel | Disk Management | Device Manager | System Info | Drive optimizer | Task Manager |
Operating a Windows PC is not really that hard. Once you learn how to use the mouse or touchpad and the keyboard properly the rest is relatively straightforward. However if you need to change the way your PC works or you experience a computer glitch you may find that these freely available Windows 10 applets and tools can be very helpful. No downloads are necessary since they are all a part of the Windows 10 Operating System.
WINDOWS PC SETTINGS
Settings is accessed by selecting the Gear Icon on the Windows Start Menu. A link to Settings can also be found in the Quick Link Menu (WinX Menu) - hold down the Windows Key then press the X key, then choose Settings from the Quick Link menu that appears. (The Windows Key is the key with the Windows flag icon on it.)
PC Settings was added to the Windows operating system in Windows 8. It was expanded to include more of the Control Panel applets and functions with the advent of Windows 10. Microsoft has said that eventually all of the functions of the Control Panel will be moved over to Windows 10 PC Settings format. Over all, PC Settings has proven to be relatively simple to understand and to use.
Warning: Using PC Settings can change the way Windows works radically. Be careful when changing Windows settings.
Below is the main headings window for Windows 10 PC Settings. Access PC Settings by selecting the Gear Icon on the Windows Start Menu.
There are lots of Sub-Menus/Settings in the PC Settings application. Each of the main settings has its own window, with its own sub-menus or settings.
Below is the Windows Update and Security Settings window that shows its own list of sub-menus/settings on the left.
(This window appears when Update and Security is clicked.)
Depending on Windows 10 System Version, may be found in the Windows-X Quick Link Menu or by typing control panel into search box.
The Control Panel has been included with Microsoft Windows operating system since the advent of Windows 1 in 1985. The Control Panel is a component of Microsoft Windows that provides the ability to view and change system settings. It consists of a set of applets that include adding or removing hardware and software, controlling user accounts, changing accessibility options, and accessing networking settings.
Many of the features and functions of the Control Panel have been superseded or taken over by PC Settings starting with Windows 8 and Continued with Windows 10. Access by typing control panel into the search box.
Note: As with PC Settings above, care should be taken when using the Control Panel.
Below is an image of the Control Panel with the Category View.
Below is an image of the Control Panel with the Icon View.
These views can be accessed by clicking the View By: toggle switch.
Disk Management can be accessed from Quick Link (Windows X) Menu (hold down the Windows Key then press the X key)
Disk Management is a Microsoft Windows utility introduced in Windows XP. It enables users to view and manage the disk drives installed in their computer and the partitions associated with those drives.
Warning: Before using this utility you should learn more about it by searching the web for help. Misuse of this utility can result in data loss or render the PC unable to boot. See Overview of Disk Management from Microsoft.
Below is an image of the Disk Management window in Widows 10. Press Windows + X Key to access.
Device Manager is accessed from Quick Link (Windows X) Menu (hold down the Windows Key then press the X key)
Device Manager is a tool which has been provided in every version of Windows. Use the Device Manage to install or uninstall a device driver, add a hardware device, and/or enable or disable a hardware device. Press Windows + X Keys to Access. Then choose Device Manager from the Quick Link Menu that appears.
For more info see Device Manager (What It Is and How to Use It) from Lifewire.
MSINFO32 System Information
System Information window provides detailed information about your PC and its operating system software. It lists the computer operating system, hardware components, and software settings. Type msinfo32 or simply msinfo into the search box to access.
DFRGUI - Drive optimizer window
Drive optimizer window, besides providing the ability to analyze and optimize drives it tells which type of drive(s) you have in either your desktop or laptop PC. Type dfrgui in the search box to access.
The task manager provides you with loads of information as well as allowing you to control startup items on your Windows 10 computer. Either press Ctrl+Shift+Esc to open or simply right-click the task bar then choose Task Manager from the menu that appears.
The Windows 10 Task Manager truly deserves more attention than it gets so I have included a link to How-to-Geek's comprehensive article which explains all of the Task Manager's features. Windows Task Manager: The Complete Guide
Note: The Task Manager in Windows 10 takes over many of the functions of the old System Configuration (msconfig) utility. Notably, except for forcing a start into Safe Mode.
Below is an image of the Simple or Basic view of the Task Manager window. This is normally what you see the first time you open the Task Manager. Note: When you open the Task Manager for the first time click on More Details at the bottom of the Task Manager window to see the tabs and the menus. Conversely, clicking on Fewer Details will bring back the basic or simple Task Manager view.
Below is an image of the Processes Tab of the Task Manager window.
Below is an image of the Startup Tab of the Task Manager window.
In conclusion: The above tools are not the only ones available with Windows 10, however most of the other tools are more suitable for Windows power users than for a new user.
The Windows Command Prompt tool is one particular example
The UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) or BIOS is another.
The System Configuration (msconfig) utility is yet another.
Next, the Windows Registry Editor is definitely a Power Users tool for experienced and careful Windows users.
Lastly, holding down the Shift key while restarting Windows allows access to other advanced troubleshooting tools as well as access to advanced boot options, including Safe Mode.
Note: If you have a newer, more powerful PC with a SSD (solid state drive) all of the above menus or tools will appear almost instantaneously.
Howerever, if your PC is older, less powerful, with a slower mechanical hard drive some of the items may take longer to appear.
Whatever you do, please heed the cautions and warnings concerning the tools listed above.